Land and Infrastructure
Transport (Great Britain)
section considers the transport infrastructure
in the regions and devolved administrations.
Two indicators are used:
Mode of transport to work
Average speed and vehicle flows on roads.
to work patterns
14(a) and Chart 14(a) provide data on the main
mode of transport used to travel to work.
During autumn 2001 it was estimated that 74
per cent of people travelling to work in Great
Britain used private transport (car, van,
minibus, motorcycle or bicycle). The chart
illustrates how people in London make much
more use of public transport than the
residents of other regions, with nearly 46 per
cent of people travelling to work by public
transport. Overall, nearly 11 per cent of
people in Great Britain walked to work during
14(b) and 14(c) cover two further aspects of
transport: the average speed and daily vehicle
flows on the major roads of England.
These estimates cover motorways and 'A'
In showing this information it is
recognised that conditions within regions are
often affected by conditions in other regions.
For example, congestion in one region can
often spill over to the roads in another. The
figures show that average speeds in England
increased by just over 5 km/hour in between
1998 and 2001 with the largest regional
increase in London at nearly 8.5 km/hour.
Traffic flows remained broadly stable across
Great Britain during the same period, although
traffic flows on major roads within London did
fall significantly between 1998 and 2001.
Industrial Property and Office Rental
is a measure of property costs by region.
The estimates are based on a sample of
different locations within each region of
Inland Revenue property valuations.
15(a) illustrates the capital cost of
industrial/warehouse units, with Chart 15(b)
detailing average rental costs for Type 1
Descriptions of the types of industrial
accommodation used in this section are
provided in Definitions.
15(a) details the capital value index of
industrial property while Table 15(b) contains
the rental cost of office accommodation.
relatively high cost of industrial and office
accommodation in London and the South East is
evident from both the tables and charts.
Increases have been particularly marked
in London between Spring 2001 and Spring 2002,
with a rise of 32 points in the index of Type
1 office accommodation. The indices for all
other areas of the UK have fallen back or
remained stable during the last year.
Index of (Type 3) Industrial property value
indicates a different pattern over the latest
year. The relative growth in the value of
industrial accommodation in London has been
far less marked (5 points on the UK = 100
index) with rises also occurring in some other
regions. Based on the UK index, between 1998
and 2002 the greatest growth in the relative
value of industrial accommodation was in
Northern Ireland, with a rise of 28 points.
Re-Use of Vacant and Derelict Land
16 provides estimates of the proportion of
previously developed land that is derelict or
vacant as well as the proportion of land that
has potential for redevelopment. Chart 16
illustrates the proportion of derelict land in
1998 and 2001. For the definitions of vacant
and derelict land refer to the Definitions
1998 Yorkshire and Humberside had the highest
proportion of developed land that was vacant
(2.8 per cent) in addition to the highest
percentage of developed land that was derelict
(3.4 per cent). By 2001, this pattern had
changed with the North East having the highest
percentage vacant land (at 3.3 per cent of
total stock) and the North West the highest
proportion of derelict land (3.6 per cent –
an increase of around 1.5 percentage points on
the 1998 figure).
lowest percentage of developed land left
unused and/or derelict during both 1998 and
2001 was in London (less than 1 per cent of
the total stock during this time). Further,
during these years London had the lowest
proportion of land with redevelopment
potential of any English region.
profile of land redevelopment for London is
unsurprising, with commercial pressures
driving up land values and speeding up the
redevelopment / recycling of unused, derelict
or land with redevelopment potential.
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