Section 3 Deprivation
10. Income Support claimants
Tables 10(a) to 10(e) break down the proportion of people claiming Income
Support (IS) benefit. Table 10(a) covers the number of IS claimants as a
proportion of 16-59 year olds from November 2003 onwards. Tables 10(b) to 10(e)
break down the claims for IS by broad client group, namely, Pension Credit,
Disabled, Lone Parents and 'Other' claimants. Northern Ireland figures are not
directly comparable with the rest of the UK due to differences in data
collection. Please see Definitions for explanation and for details of the
introduction of Pension Credit in October 2003.
In November 2006, London had the highest proportion of the 16-59 population
claiming IS than any other region in Great Britain, at 7.7 per cent. The next
highest proportions were in the North East and North West, with 7.6 per cent for
both regions. The Northern Ireland figure was 9.7 per cent. Since November 2003,
the South East has consistently had the lowest proportion of IS claimants, with
the figure standing at 4.1 per cent of the 16-59 population during November
2006. These patterns have been prevalent among the regions before and after the
introduction of Pension Credit in the autumn of 2003.
Chart 10 shows that London has a higher proportion of IS recipients claiming
Lone Parent IS (3.3 per cent of the 16-59 population) than regions.
11. Income deprivation
The information included in Table and Chart 11 provide an indication of the
distribution of income deprivation within each of the English regions. The
percentage of the population dependent on Income Support (IS) benefits is used
as a proxy for this. These estimates are drawn from the Indices of Multiple
Deprivation 2004 (IMD 2004) for England. See Definitions for further details.
Within each region, the lower layer of the Super Output Areas (SOA) have been
ranked according to their overall deprivation score in the IMD 2004. The
percentage of the population within families that are dependent on IS benefits
has been calculated for the region as a whole as well as for the 20 per cent of
the population resident in the most deprived SOAs within the region.
These results should be interpreted with some caution. The estimates deal with
the number and percentage of people in families that are dependent on IS
benefits, and not the value of the IS benefits being claimed. While IS dependent
families may occur with some frequency in many of the areas within each region,
it may well be that the average value claimed in the most deprived areas is
higher than in the less deprived areas. This could mean that the difference
between the poorest areas in each region and the region as a whole may be
greater than is indicated here.