Section 3 Deprivation
Tables 10(a) to 10(e) break down the proportion of people claiming Income Support (IS) benefit. Table 10(a) covers the number of IS claimants as a proportion of 16-59 year olds from November 2003 onwards. Tables 10(b), 10(c), 10(d) and 10(e) break down the claims for IS by broad client group, namely, Pension Credit, Disabled, Lone Parents and 'Other' claimants. Northern Ireland figures are not directly comparable with the rest of the UK due to differences in data collection. Please see Definitions for explanation and for details of the introduction of Pension Credit in October 2003.
In November 2005, London had a higher proportion of the 16-59 population claiming IS than any other region in Great Britain, at 7.8 per cent. The next highest proportions were in the North East and North West, with 7.7 and 7.6 per cent respectively. The Northern Ireland figure was 10.1 per cent.
Chart 10 shows that the broad client groups display a similar pattern across regions, with the exception of Lone Parent IS. Here, London had the highest proportion of claimants, at 3.4 per cent of 16-59 year olds. Since November 2003, the South East has consistently had the lowest proportion of IS claimants, with the figure standing at 4 per cent of the 16-59 population during November 2005. These patterns have been prevalent among the regions before and after the introduction of Pension Credit in the autumn of 2003.
The information included in
Table and Chart 11 provide an indication of the
distribution of income deprivation within each of the English regions. The
percentage of the population dependent on Income Support (IS) benefits is used
as a proxy for this. These estimates are drawn from the Indices of Multiple
Deprivation 2004 (IMD 2004) for England. See Definitions for further details.
These results should be interpreted with some caution. The estimates deal with the number and percentage of people in families that are dependent on IS benefits, and not the value of the IS benefits being claimed. While IS dependent families may occur with some frequency in many of the areas within each region, it may well be that the average value claimed in the most deprived areas is higher than in the less deprived areas. This could mean that the difference between the poorest areas in each region and the region as a whole may be greater than is indicated here.