Land and Infrastructure
(Great Britain only)
section considers the transport infrastructure
in the regions and devolved administrations.
Four indicators are used:
of road freight (goods lifted) within and
Mode of transport to work
Time taken to travel to work
Average speed and vehicle flows on roads.
Transportation of goods: Road freight
The Continuing Survey of Road Goods Transport
(CSRGT) provides information covering heavy
goods vehicles over 3.5 tonnes gross vehicle
weight in Great Britain. In 2000 there were
just over 425,000 of these vehicles registered
with the DVLA, accounting for approximately
95% of all freight moved by road vehicles.
Table 13(a) contains the data for goods lifted
by origin and destination during 2000. Chart
13(a) shows the proportion of goods moved to a
destination outside the region or country of
origin. The destination of goods may largely
be a matter of simple geography, dependent on
the number of commercial and industrial
centres, ports and airports, that are located
within or adjacent to an area. It is apparent,
however, that Scotland and the South West have
more self - contained infrastructures than
other areas, while the East Midlands is more
closely integrated with the surrounding
regions. This does not mean that the Scotland
does not have a vigorous export trade. Charts
5(a) and 5(b) show that Scotland accounts for
a relatively high proportion of exports and
exceeds other areas in the value of exported
goods per employee.
13(b) and Chart 13 (b) provide data on the
main mode of transport used to travel to work.
During 2000 it was estimated that around 74%
of people working in Great Britain travelled
to work by car, van, minibus, motorcycle and
bicycle (defined as private transport). The
chart shows how Londoners, as opposed to
residents of other areas, make much more use
of public transport, with only 46% travelling
to work by private means. Across Great Britain
as a whole, around 11 per cent of people
walked to work.
13(c) and Chart 13(c) detail average journey
times to work in Autumn 2000. The average for
Great Britain as a whole was 25 minutes, with
the average times for most regions between 20
and 25 minutes. Again, London was
substantially different, with journey times
above 40 minutes.
13(d) and 13(e) cover two further indicators.
These detail average speed (England only) and
average daily vehicle flows on the roads.
Speed is shown for major motorways and 'A'
roads only. Vehicle flows cover all roads. In
showing this information it is recognised that
conditions within the region are often
affected by conditions in other regions. For
example, road freight often crosses regional
boundaries; congestion in one region will have
an effect in other regions. The figures show
little change in vehicle speeds between 1996
and 1999 with vehicle flows remaining stable
across most regions between 1999 and 2000.
Industrial Property and Office Rental Costs
is a measure of property costs by region. It
is drawn from a sample of different locations
within a region from Inland Revenue
14(a) shows the capital costs of
industrial/warehouse units, circa 500 sq.m.
Chart 14(b) shows average rental costs for
'Type 1' office accommodation, defined as town
centre location, over 1,000 sq. m., with good
quality fittings etc., in an office block
erected within the last 10 years. Comparable
information on rental costs of offices is
currently available for GB only. The full
definitions are given in Annex 1.
14(a) shows the capital value index of
industrial property. Table 14(b) shows the
rental cost index of office accommodation.
relatively high cost of industrial and office
accommodation in London and the South East is
clear. While costs of both types have been
risen in London between 1997 and 2001,
relative to other regions, rental costs of
office accommodation in the South East have
not risen during this time. In 2001 Wales had
the lowest capital values for industrial
property (index = 67.8%), and among the lowest
rental costs (55.3%), not significantly
different from the English region with the
lowest rental costs, the East Midlands
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